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Proposal Writing Guide Book

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CDED, TU

(लगभग 20 पेजको proposal यसरी तयार गर्नुहोस)

Chapter I

Introduction

(≈25% of total pages, say 5)

Major text to be covered

  • Brief overview of the topic and introduce the pivoting ideas अनुसन्धान को मुख्य एजेन्डा के हो? General Introduction लेख्नुहोस ।
  • Proposal मा मुख्य रुपमा छलफल हुने बिषयबस्तुलाइ सारमा उल्लेख गर्नुहोस।

1.1.      Background of the Study

  • अनुसन्धान समस्यालाई परिचय दिनुहोस
  • प्रयोग भएका terminology ले के अर्थ राख्छ?  यसको अवस्था बारे मुलत: कस्तो कुरा उठिरहेको छ? लेख्नुहोस

1.2.      Statement of the Problem

  • A problem is a situation, person or thing that needs research attention. यसमा तलका प्रश्नहरुको उत्तरलाई छोटकरीमा उल्लेख गर्नुहोस। 
    • Why is this research work?
    • Why might be the effect of the research work?
    • What is the knowledge gap to uncover?
    • What questions are aiming to answer?

1.3.      Objectives the Study

  • A research objective is a clear, concise, declarative statement, which provides direction to investigate the variables under the study.
  • Statement of the problem र knowledge gap बाट तानिएका प्रश्नहरु पुरा हुने गरि उल्लेख गर्नुहोस। 
  • The objectives summarize what is to be achieved by the study.
  • Research objective need to be SMART (SPECIFIC, MEASURABLE, ATTAINABLE, REALISTIC, TIME BOUND)
  • The objectives include obtaining answers to research questions or testing the research hypotheses.

1.4.      Research Questions

  • Objectives लाई पुरा गर्ने प्रश्नहरु उल्लेख गर्नुहोस। 

1.5.      Research Hypothesis

  • Objectives लाई पुरा गर्न test गर्नु पर्ने hypothesis उल्लेख गर्नुहोस। 

1.6.      Rationale of the Study

  • Why is this research important to researcher? किन अनुसन्धान गर्नु पर्यो? उल्लेख गर्नुहोस।
  • Why is this research important to other audience? उल्लेख गर्नुहोस।

1.7.      Delimitation of the Study

1.8.      Operational Definition of the Key terms

·         Explain the key terms used in title with operational/objective meaning?

Chapter II

Review of Related Literature

(50% of total page, say 10)

Literature Review दोस्रो Chapter मा लेख्ने भएता पनि, Literature Review नगरी knowledge gap थाहा हुँदैन र यो थाहा नपाइ न त topic नै छान्न सकिन्छ, न त Statement of the Problem र Research Questions नै बनाउन सकिन्छ, त्यसैले, Literature Review लाई Academic Writing को term paper बनाउनुहोस ।

Literature Review helps to

  • define and delimit the research problem
  • apply appropriate research methodology  
  • identify tools and instruments to be used
  • develop conceptual framework (A conceptual framework connect link concepts from literature to establish evidence to support the need for the research questions

कसरी गर्ने

  • important र साना साना बाक्यहरु हुबहु सारेर inverted coma भित्र राखी in-text cite गर्नुहोस
  • important तर धेरै लामा परिच्छेदहरु लाई अनि आफ्नै किसिमले paraphrasing गरि in-text cite गर्नुहोस
  • ३ किसिमका Literature खोजेर Review गर्नुहोस

2.1 Thematic Review

  • Research Questions संग मेल खाने (प्रत्यक्ष वा अप्रत्यक्ष) तर मुख्य Theme सँग सम्बन्धित सामग्रीहरु को review

2.2 Theoretical Review

  • आफ्नो thesis लाइ कुन theory को आँखा बाट हेर्नु हुन्छ वा ब्याख्या गर्न चाहनु हुन्छ सो को review

2.3 Empirical Review

  • आफ्नो thesis  संग मिल्ने खालको research वा जर्नल आर्टिकल को review

2.4 Conceptual Framework

माथिको तिनवटा Review को आधारमा, Research Questions (RQs), theory र methodological process र variables लाई कसरी connect गर्नुहुन्छ?  र के output निस्कन्छ त्यसको ब्याख्या गर्ने चार्ट नै conceptual framework हो । यसमा ४ कुराको बिचार गर्नुहोस ।

  • RQ variables
  • theory
  • methodology
  • estimated output

Chapter III

Methods and Procedure

(≈25% of total page, say 5)

यसको को ४ वटा मुख्य भाग हुन्छ – Methods? Population /sample (Study Site /Participants), data collection tools, and data collection/analysis procedure?

3.1  Design of the Study

  • यसमा अनुसन्धानको प्रकार (qualitative की quantitative) उल्लेख गर्नुहोस
  • Applying test of hypothesis in order to draw conclusion भए Quantitative
  • Checking test of resonance in order to draw conclusion भए Qualitative
  • यसमा, तलका जस्तै एक वा बढी कुन हो? लेख्नुहोस
  • Are you interested in intervention study? (Action वा Experimental)
  • Are you interested in observing phenomena as it is? (Survey)

3.2 Population and Sample of the Study

The target population contains members of a group that a researcher is interested in studying. These results of the study are generalized to this population. Size of population depends on the objectives of the study.

  • Population and sample of the Study (quantitative भए) उल्लेख गर्नुहोस
  • Study Field and Participants (qualitative भए) उल्लेख गर्नुहोस
  • Which sampling technique will you use (quantitative भए)
  • How do you select respondents (qualitative भए)
  • Justify that your sample/participants are representative?

3.3 Data Collection Tools

तथ्याङ्क संकलनका लागि tools के के स्पष्ट सँग लेख्नुहोस

  • Are you interested in qualitative/quantitative data?
  • How would you draw such data?
  • Reliability/Validity (quality standard) – प्रमाण के हो? लेख्नुहोस

3.3 Data Collection Procedure

तथ्यांक सकलन कसरी गर्ने स्पष्ट सँग लेख्नुहोस

  • How do you collect quantitative data?
  • How do you collect qualitative data?

3.3 Data Analysis Procedure

तथ्यांक को विश्लेषण कसरी गर्ने स्पष्ट सँग लेख्नुहोस

  • What technique do you use if your data is in nominal, ordinal, interval, or ratio scale? (quantitative भए)
  • What technique do you use if your data is text, verbatim, narration? (qualitative भए)

3.4 Ethical Considerations

अरुले पत्याउने गरि आफ्ना काम कसरी गर्नु हुन्छ? लेख्नुहोस

References

Wagle. M. P, (2019). Facebook Post, Retrieved from https://www.facebook.com/yelgaw.pm

Upadhyay H. P., (2017). Thesis/Proposal Anatomy, PowerPoint presentation [PowerPoint slides], Central Department of Education, TU

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